SAP MM Interview

Q.1 What is meant by scales? 
We can fix a price in the info record for range of qty from 1-100 prices Rs.100 & if the order qty is 101- 500- the prices is Rs.90.
Also scales cannot be used directly in PO but can be pulled into the PO from various master data like info record, quota arrangement etc.

Q.2 What is the procedure to delete materials permanently from Material Master? The process for deleting the materials permanently from material master is by using transaction code MM70 and the navigation is:

Material Master>Other>Reorganization>Material>Choose
Then build variant with selection range of material master records to be selected for deletion and maintain run parameters and then execute.

Using Transaction Code MM71 navigates as follows:

 Material Master>Other>Reorganization
Then build the second variant, maintain run parameters and execute.
It is also important to remove the records manually form info records, PO, PR reservation etc for successful deletion of the material.

Q.3 What MRP procedures are available in MM Consumption Based Planning (CBP)?
Various material planning methods are used in MRP (Material Requirements Planning):

1. Reorder point procedure
2. Forecast-based planning  
3. Time-Phased materials planning

These are specified in material creation (MM01) under the MRP 1 tab.

Q.4 Explain the function OBYC?
The Function OBYC stands for Configure Automatic Postings. When the system settings are entered for the Inventory Management and Invoice Verification transactions the automatic posting to G/L accounts. Postings are made to G/L accounts automatically in the case of Invoice Verification and Inventory Management where the transactions are relevant to Financial and Cost Accounting.

Q.5 What is the procedure to make the period indicator in the MRP2 view as “P”?
To make the period indicator in the MRP2 view as “P” the transaction variant SHD0 and then SE93 is used.

Q.6 What is the procedure to make the Source List automatically appear in Material Master as default if maintained at plant level using OME5?
The maintained source list requirement in OME5 was not maintained the source list for the material, Po can’t be released. So it is required to maintain source list for all materials in the plant where the indicator is set if maintain source list at plant level is maintained or it can make use of info record to do so automatically.

Q.7 Which info record types you can choose while creating info record?

The lists of Info Records Types are:

Q.8 Explain what is consignment stock? The Consignment stock is a stock that is supplied by the vendor is in the companies premises with the company having no liability for the same. The liability for the company will only be affected when the goods are issued from the consignment stock for use.

Q.9 Is it possible to have scales in a quotation? 

No, it is not possible to have scales in a quotation

Q.10 What is the subcontracting cycle? 

The Subcontracting Cycle is that when Po is created with item category L, the goods is transferred to subcontractor by 541 movements. For this movement note no accounting documents take place.  When GR is done automatically, 543 movements’ takes place which take care of the consumption of components from stock.

Q.11 Explain the procedure to create PR or PO by MRP?
The procedure to create PR is according to the safety stock mentioned for the material or can be triggered from a requirement. For creating a PO, you need to have the scheduling agreement in place .After the MRP is run the schedule lines are generated which is nothing but the PO. 

Q.12 What types of special stocks are available? Special Stocks that are available are:
Sales order,
Stock transfer,
Third party.

Q.13 Is it possible to have scales in a quotation? 

No, it is not possible to have scales in a quotation

Q.14 Explain the steps that are involved in consignment cycle?

The steps that are involved in consignment cycle is by creating consignment info record with proper tax code, maintain output condition record for KONS, no invoice verification done, create Po with item category K, process GR, but settlement is done through MRKO transaction.

Q.15 Explain the difference between a contract and a scheduling agreement? 
The Contract agreement or the Outline Agreement is that create the centrally contract (cross-plant) where it can maintain different pricing conditions for each and every plant. It creates the Release Order with reference to Outline Agreement. No detailed delivery schedule can be made in the Release Order. No Release documentation is created. Only time-dependent conditions can be created, Some Item Category 'M' and 'W' can be used.  

Whereas the Scheduling Agreement is the Plant Location what must be entered in the Scheduling Agreement. There is no need to create any other purchasing document except for delivery schedule line via Transaction ME38 or MRP running (with the appropriate setting of Source List). Delivery Schedule line items are created subject to your specific requirement. It can create both Scheduling Agreement with or without release of Documentation (subject to the Document Type LP or LPA) with the selection of either FRC or JIT delivery schedule. Either time-dependent or time-independent conditions can be created subject to the customizing in the Document Type of the Scheduling Agreement. Item Category 'M' and 'W' cannot be used.

Q.16 What is the difference between release procedure with classification and without classification and when are they used?
The release procedure with classification deals with the purchase requisition it can be released both at item level and at the header level. Coming to release procedure without classification can also be used for purchase requisition which is used for item level release only. All other external documents cannot be released with classification These two procedures are mutually exclusive to say, it has to be decided in favour of one of them only.

Q.17 In what way does the Subcontracting was cared by the by products?
The By products take care of subcontracting in BOM for the header.

Q.18 What is the procedure to give specifications for developments? 
The procedure to give specifications are normally prepared for the business requirement document in which we specify what is required, what field and tables have to be referred for the required development.

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