SAP Interview Questions

Q.1 What is account modifier in SAP?

Ans: It is a key used in automatic account determination. This subdivides a transaction into sub accounts with the help of three posting keys: GBB, KON, PRD

Q.2 Describe about cut over process in sap.
        In cut over activity of MM,
            1.Upload the Material Master.
            2.Upload the Vendor Master.
            3.Upload the Excise Master.
            4.Upload the Excise Register.
            5.Upload the Open P.O.,Shed. Agreement,Contract,Invoice Receipt.

Q.3 What is the step by step process in MRP?
           There is different steps in MRP:
                1.  Activate MRP in your plant.
                2.  Create Master Data for MRP (Planning Calender, Quota Setting)
                3. Create Material Master with Views

                     like General data 1, Purchasing, MRP1, MRP2,    Accounting 1.
               4.In MRP1 fill the following data

                    (lot size - EX, Reorder Point, Safety stock, Planning Calender etc).
               5. In MRP2 fill the following data (Plan delivery time) and 

                    after filling the other views save the materials master.
              6.  Go to Transaction Code MD03 to run thr MRP.
              7.Go to Transaction Code MD04 to view the requirement.

Q.4 State the movement type in SAP which does not have a reversal movement type.

        Movement type 121 does not have reversal movement type. 121.
        Movement type is used for   Subsequent adjustment for subcontracting
        This movement type cannot be entered manually.
         With a subsequent adjustment for a subcontract order it is possible to correct the consumption of                 components. In this case, the material produced by the supplier is credited with the excess consumption under-consumption. For this reason, if there is a subsequent adjustment, an item is generated for the produced material using movement movement type 121.

Q.5 Explain the purpose of using document types in SAP
        In SAP Document Type defines different methods or procedures for a transaction.
        For Example:    

      Purchase Order is transaction in SAP, but it can be done for different process so there are many                  document type in ME21N, like standard, framework order, stock transport order, dummy purchase order etc. So in different document type we can perform different type of function for a single transaction.

Likewise above example there are many type of document in GR and IR.

Q.6 We want to change some data like price, data etc in created purchase order. But system is not allowing the same.As a support SAP MM functional consultant what you would do?

       There are settings available in release indicator, saying that, no changes can be applicable once released. If u do want to do changes, you need to set the release indicator settings as 'CHANGEABLE AFTER RELEASE' option

Q.7 What is the interaction between SAP MM and ABAP consultant and how do they interact?

        SAP MM Consultant & SAP ABAP Consultants interact with each other mainly for development of smart forms like P.O, Scheduling agreement,contract etc as well as for client specific and non specific reports.

Q.8 State basic data required to create PO.What do you maintain in purchasing info record?

Ans. Basic data required to create PO is as follows:
          Suppier name and address
          Item description, Unit of Measurement
          Total PO Quantity Unit rate,
          Delivery address, payment terms

Q.9 In purchase Info records information of different suppliers of the particular item are maintained.
       What are basic tables in material master? State the difference between MARA and MARK?

Ans. Some of tables used in material master and their explanaion.
          MAKT-Material Descriptions
          MARA- General Material Data
          MARD- Storage Location Data for Material
          MAST- Material to BOM Link
          MVER- Material Consumption
          MVKE- Sales Data for Material
          MARC- Plant Data for Material

Q.10 Where you maintain in material master the multiple units of measures?
Ans.  In  material master, multiple units of measure are maintained in additional data under units of measure tab

For More Questions and Answers click on Read more below.

Q.11 Can you explain how to use IDOC/EDI processes in purchasing like PO and in what context?

         First set up partner profile with WE20 then create master data for condition record MN04 and select message type EDI if you don't set up master data then every time while creating p.o in messages tab you have to select the output type EDI. Then go to further data tab and select send immediately to test you settings to check the status of Idoc you can use the tool WE02

Q.12 In BOM specified  item category is L but when I create PO for subcontracting by default it shows T.    Please explain Why?

       Its not your problem, actually from SD department. To correct this, go to BOM delete the items and    create a new one there.

Q.13 Explain the MM flow with T Codes and Tables?

       Pruchase requistion -> request for quotation ->Creating Quotation ->price comparision -> purchase order -> Good receit -> invoice verificatiom -> Payment 

Q.14 Please explain purpose of “Info Update” indicator in purchasing document.

       When you create or change the purchase order you can use the info update indicator to define the info  record is to be created or updated.

Info Update(if it is set)
   the system copies the condition from quotation to the info records
   the document no from a purchase order or contract release or release order is updated as last purchasing    document

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